Golf Courses

So much planning and research go into making a golf course. Many times, the debate is often on whether to go the natural turf way or pick the artificial alternative. Golf courses differ widely in terms of the layout and the grass used.

Learn more about natural turf

The grass used affects how the field is maintained, and the game. Professional golf courses choose to go the natural way despite the high maintenance levels needed.

The Golf Course Definition

A golf course is a ground consisting of about 9 to 18 holes, with each comprising of a teeing ground. The golf is presented with multiple variables that affect play such as precipitation, the frequency of mowing the grass and temperature. 

There are five major components of every hole, including the fairway, tee box, rough, green and hazards. Between the green and the teeing ground are often different heights cut to punish bad shots. 

How a Golf Course is maintained

Grass on a well-maintained golf course looks amazing. However, the flawless surface takes a lot of work. It all starts with the creation of a hydroponic system to help the grass grow. 

A bulldozer is then employed to create holes of up to 12-16 inches deep. Also, a drainage system must be created to avoid flooding or puddling when it rains. The green needs plenty of sunlight year-round, meaning all tall bushes must be cleared often. 

Natural turf requires enough amounts of water and nutrients to stay alive. It means effort must be put into destroying weeds through the use of a variety of herbicides, control insects using the right insecticides and keep off diseases using the recommended fungicides. 

Protecting the Green

The turf requires daily mowing using the precision green mower, the application of chemicals, coddling, aerating, watering and fertilising. Most golf course superintendents prefer topdressing heavily during spring and fall to protect the green from environmental and mechanical stress.

Environmental stress may be as a result of too many nutrients or the lack of them, high or low levels of water, sunshine, airflow and pesticides. When not top-dressed, the turf quality of natural green tends to be poor, becoming thatch and puffy. 

This could result in a shorter ball-roll distance. Mostly, putters will ignore other faults on the ground if the grass looks appealing. When the humidity levels and temperatures are high, the turf may be left unmowed at a raised height. 

It is advisable to also avoid double-cutting to protect the green against stress. Although irrigation is vital, a golf course must be aerated at least twice a year to stay in great condition. Aeration enables oxygen to travel to the roots and dry the wet soil. 

More so, a golf course must be litter free. The programme applied to the irrigation and feeding frequency are central to maintaining a great-looking green, including other aspects such as the mowing height.

Just as golf requires much effort to learn the tricks of the game, the course itself needs the same exertion. There are many things that go into making natural turf look perfect year round. The key to preventing stress, diseases and keeping the nutrients balanced is by maintaining a healthy sward for an amazing natural turf.